Survive a Night in the Woods

      Wilderness survival expert Joe Whittington met with Lydia Nguyen to talk about how you should always be prepared when leaving for a day hike.

      Most important thing: make sure someone knows where you are going and when to expect you back

      Be familiar with where you are going before you leave:

      Check weather forecast

      Understand the route from map or guidebook

      Quick Internet check for route and road conditions

      Carrying a few critical items will greatly improve your ability to survive a night out

      Carrying a cell phone, or a personal location communicator where there is no cell coverage, will simplify finding you.

      Most people are found within a day or two, especially if they stay put once they realize they are lost.

      Critical to understand priorities:

      Can only survive three minutes without air

      Can survive up to three days without water

      Can survive up to three weeks without food

      But - can die in two to three hours from hypothermia or heat stroke

      So need to first deal with immediate threats to life:

      Airway, Breathing, Circulation

      Next need to have shelter

      Then water and lastly food

      Most people die of exposure, not thirst or starvation

      Here are the things to always carry when in the backcountry:

      Ten Essentials:

      Navigation (map and compass)

      Sun protection (sunglasses and sunscreen)

      Insulation (extra clothing)

      Illumination (headlamp/flashlight)

      First-aid supplies

      Fire (waterproof matches/lighter/candles)

      Repair kit and tools

      Nutrition (extra food)

      Hydration (extra water)

      Emergency shelter

      Non-cotton clothing layers:

      Tarp for protection from wind and rain

      Ensolite pad for insulation from the ground

      Bivy bag to keep you warm

      Communication tools:

      Cell Phone

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