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      Survive a Night in the Woods

      Wilderness survival expert Joe Whittington met with Lydia Nguyen to talk about how you should always be prepared when leaving for a day hike.



      Most important thing: make sure someone knows where you are going and when to expect you back



      Be familiar with where you are going before you leave:


      Check weather forecast


      Understand the route from map or guidebook


      Quick Internet check for route and road conditions



      Carrying a few critical items will greatly improve your ability to survive a night out



      Carrying a cell phone, or a personal location communicator where there is no cell coverage, will simplify finding you.



      Most people are found within a day or two, especially if they stay put once they realize they are lost.



      Critical to understand priorities:


      Can only survive three minutes without air


      Can survive up to three days without water


      Can survive up to three weeks without food


      But - can die in two to three hours from hypothermia or heat stroke



      So need to first deal with immediate threats to life:


      Airway, Breathing, Circulation


      Next need to have shelter


      Then water and lastly food



      Most people die of exposure, not thirst or starvation



      Here are the things to always carry when in the backcountry:



      Ten Essentials:


      Navigation (map and compass)


      Sun protection (sunglasses and sunscreen)


      Insulation (extra clothing)


      Illumination (headlamp/flashlight)


      First-aid supplies


      Fire (waterproof matches/lighter/candles)


      Repair kit and tools


      Nutrition (extra food)


      Hydration (extra water)


      Emergency shelter



      Non-cotton clothing layers:



      Tarp for protection from wind and rain



      Ensolite pad for insulation from the ground



      Bivy bag to keep you warm



      Communication tools:


      Cell Phone


      "SPOT" Connect




      GPS